Kitchen Remodeling Hardware and Glass Knobs From Amerock Hardware

Amerock has decades old tradition in providing trendsetting furniture and bath hardware. Since 1929, the company has presented the world with futuristic designer hardware that can last for a lifetime.

When you are looking for remodeling hardware, you need something that goes well with your current furniture. And Amerock has hardware that comes in all possible sizes and finishes. Amerock is the topmost brand when it comes to kitchen hardware and the company secures highest number of orders for remodeling hardware and fittings. Amerock is quite popular for its special range of decorative kitchen cabinet hardware that consists of unique designer pulls and handles.

Amerock’s exquisite antique collection is something worth admiring. There are classic looking weathered brass finish pulls of various designs that can look great on all sorts of wooden cabinets and drawers. The special olden look works as a symbol of durability and tradition. If you are an art lover then you better check out the new assortment of Amerock’s classic collection. It will undoubtedly increase the aesthetic value of your kitchen beyond your expectation.

Many people undertake kitchen remodeling if they are considering the option of selling their homes. This allows them to quote higher prices because everyone loves a well furnished home. And especially a well kept kitchen gives a fairly good impression about the entire condition of the home. Hence, many people even leave their portable cabinets and furniture behind, if the buyer prefers so.

Amerock as a brand name stands for quality and durability and certainly a kitchen decorated with a set of Amerock hardware will encourage a potential buyer to own the property. Interior renovation and reconstruction is a costly affair. Besides cost, it can cause lot of inconveniences and wastage of time. For this reason alone, buyers look for houses that are well maintained and do not require any sort of refurbishing or repairs. A well modeled kitchen reduces their post-purchase interior maintenance almost to nothing.

One of the easiest ways to give a fresh and gleaming image to your kitchen is to have its cabinets and drawers decked with crystal glass knobs from Amerock. Glass knobs have a special aura that cannot be attained in case of wooden or metal knobs. They absorb and reflect light form the surroundings, making your kitchen interior brighter with their gentle inner shine. Look out for some old fashioned glass knobs, smoothed and soft looking. They are real beauties and can go well with all kinds of wooden finish. A variety of designs are available to choose from that are made of yellowish and brownish tints. Even though colored glass knobs look attractive, plain round ones give an entirely different impression.

Determining the Best Type of Fastener to Use For Outdoor Furniture Construction

If you want to learn about selecting hardware for your next outdoor furniture project, then you’ll want to read this article. Specifically, I’ll be telling you about what type of hardware will perform best, why the type of metal used for fasteners and the finish used are important considerations, and how properly protecting or limiting exposure of your furniture to wet and winter conditions can increase life span. After you’re done with this article you will understand that the best choice of hardware for your outdoor furniture project is dependent on furniture style, material used for construction, selected location for the furniture and budget.

Selecting proper hardware for your furniture will help ensure a long life span, as well as improve the overall appearance of your furniture. Part of the problem is knowing what hardware to select when there are so many options available at the hardware store. The typical Lowes or Home Depot carries a huge selection of stainless steel, hot dipped galvanized, bright galvanized, plain steel, coated steel and brass bolts, nuts, washers and screws. Each type of fastener is suitable for certain applications, but not all are ideal for outdoor furniture applications.

In fact, choosing the wrong fasteners can greatly shorten the lifespan of your furniture, contribute to rot of wood furniture, cause unsightly staining, and even make your furniture unsafe to use.

One thing that needs to be noted right up front is, do not ever use unprotected steel fasteners for outdoor furniture, They will rust very quickly, and the steel will react with the tannic acid in the wood causing streaks and staining. The tannic acid actually speeds up the corrosion of the fasteners. Have you ever seen a wooden fence with black streaks running down the boards from the nails? This fence was installed with the wrong type of fasteners. The same thing will happen to your furniture. Even worse, as the fasteners rust, they will speed up the decay process of the wood around the rusted fasteners, ruining your furniture and making it potentially unsafe to use.

Hot Dipped Galvanized

Screws and bolts treated by hot dipped galvanizing are specifically designed for use outdoors. Electroplated galvanized or bright galvanized fasteners ultimately will not hold up as well as the hot dipped galvanized hardware. Zinc is used as a coating in both methods, and acts as a barrier against the elements and the tannic acids in the wood.

I strongly recommend only using screws or bolts in the construction of outdoor furniture, however. The galvanized finish on nails, either electroplated or hot dipped, can easily become damaged while hammering them in, exposing the nail head to the elements and allowing them to begin rusting quickly.

Adequate care must be taken when installing galvanized screws. Drill pilot holes in hardwoods, and be sure to use a bit that is not worn and susceptible to skipping in the screw head. For whatever reason, the galvanized screws seem to not be as well tempered as other steel fasteners, and are more likely to either snap off or have the heads strip out while installing them. Due to the allowance required for the hot dipped coating, galvanized bolts do not have as tight of tolerance on the threads, and are more likely to strip if over tightened.

Hot dipped galvanized fasteners are a fine choice for many outdoor furniture applications, including Adirondack Chairs, but are not the best choice for use in woods, such as teak.

Stainless steel

Stainless steel is the best choice for use in woods with higher levels of tannic acid, such as teak. Stainless steel is an alloy or blend of steel, nickel and chrome. The ratio of the other metals with the steel determine the weather and corrosion resistance of stainless steel. Because the steel is mixed with other softer metals, the stainless steel is not as strong, so predrilling of screw holes is highly recommended in all applications, and essential in hardwoods such as teak and mahogany. The added corrosion resistance more than outweighs any shortcomings that the metal may have, especially in outdoor furniture applications.

While stainless steel fasteners are the most rust resistant, they are also the most expensive of the options we are discussing. However, using stainless steel fasteners will add years of life to your furniture. In the respect, they are an investment that will pay out for years to come.


I have seen brass used in some commercially produced outdoor furniture, but do not recommend it. While brass does not form red rust, and is well suited for many wet applications such as toilets and sinks, it does tarnish and corrode. It is also very susceptible to the tannic acids in wood, which will cause it to fail more quickly. Brass screws in particular do not have sufficient strength for outdoor furniture applications.

Outdoor or deck screws

In the past several years a number of manufacturers have introduced outdoor fastening products specifically marketed for deck building. These will typically be green, gray, tan or brown. These screws are either ceramic or plastic coated to delay the metal reacting with the wood acids. The specific coating methods are proprietary to each manufacturer, and can be a combination of electroplated galvanizing and plastic, or a baked on ceramic.

I have used these fasteners in furniture applications and they perform just fine. Unfortunately, I have not come across bolts with this type of finish. The brand of screw I used was Deck Mate, and they were available in tan and brown, so that the color can be selected to better match the wood being used. These screws are ceramic coated, and the manufacturer provided a coated bit for installation, which was designed to not damage the ceramic coating at the screw head. If you choose this type of fastener, be sure to compare the cost with stainless steel, as the price will vary. If the stainless steel is reasonably comparable in cost, it would be the recommended fastener.

Always be sure to read the manufacturers specifications on the box to be sure that the screws are suitable for your application.

Other Considerations

If you are building furniture that will be located on a covered porch or patio where it will be protected from the elements, the concern will be the interaction between the wood and the fasteners, much more so than the weather. Furniture that will be exposed to the elements all year, such as a garden bench, or an Adirondack chair in the corner of your garden, will have to be constructed with much more care and concern to ensure that they hold up more than just one or two winters.

Additional considerations must be made beyond just the choice of what type of fastener to use, though this is very important. For example, fasteners should not be located where water where collect and sit on the fasteners for an extended period of time. The screws that attach the seat slats to an Adirondack chair are a prime example- typically these screws will be countersunk below the surface of the wood. This will allow water to collect in the screw holes, shortening the life span of all but stainless steel fasteners, and prolonging the exposure of the wood to water, which will increase the rate of decay. In applications where the furniture will be exposed to the elements year round the screw heads should be driven flush with the surface of the surrounding wood.

Construction and design of the furniture are also important considerations. Are the horizontal surfaces of the furniture constructed in such a way that will allow them to shed water, rather than collect it? Think of a picnic table with a slatted or board top. The gaps between the boards allow water a way to run off the top and not pool up.


Stainless steel is usually the best choice for outdoor furniture applications, though the cost may be prohibitive for some. There are other less expensive fastener options available that will perform acceptably. Do not use unprotected steel fasteners for outdoor furniture applications under any circumstances. Know where and how you intend to use your furniture and design it for the conditions it will be subjected to.

Restoring and Refinishing Teak Furniture

Teak furniture pieces are some of the most valued members of the outdoor furniture world. Teak’s natural consistency and oils allow teak furniture to undergo hardly any damage or changes due to extreme moisture or sunlight. Teak is a wood, so it is prone to changes in color over time.

The good news for teak furniture owners and prospective owners is that it can be restored and has the potential to look like brand new furniture no matter how old it is. Vintage furniture buyers can also breathe a sigh of relief because it is possible to turn an old piece of furniture into nearly brand new. Because of the Danish Modern style made popular in the 50s and 60s, teak furniture has become an icon in vintage furniture.

The grayish color of weathered teak is beautiful to some while others prefer the original bright honey color of new teak. It is easy to restore and refinish teak furniture back to its original color without leaving any damage to the piece.

The first thing you will need to do is wash the teak furniture gently with teak-specific soap. These soaps can be found at a local hardware or home improvement store. Washing is done before sanding because removing all of the dust and dirt first will prevent problems during sanding. Before any of the next steps are executed, the teak furniture should be completely dried.

The next step, sanding the teak furniture, is the most difficult step of the entire process. Sand the dried piece of furniture lightly until the natural honey-color of the wood begins to shine through. Never sand too hard and you should always be sanding in the same direction of the grain on the wood. Tools you will need for this process are fine grain sand paper, an orbital sander, gloves, and goggles. A cloth underneath the furniture can also be put down to reduce the cleanup time after sanding is complete. All sections of the furniture should be sanded evenly and no gray should be showing before continuing on to the next step.

Now you will need to wipe down the furniture with a cloth very carefully to remove all dust particles present from the sanding step. Extra care is needed right after it has been sanded if you do not plan on applying oil right away and stains are very likely during this stage if the furniture is not oiled right away.

The teak furniture should be completely clean and dry before applying oil. Teak oil will need to be purchased to restore the natural oils already found in the teak. The teak oil should be applied with a soft cloth or brush and done one coat at a time with drying time in between. The teak oil will take very easily and be absorbed into the furniture when applied. The natural honey color will quickly begin to shine. The furniture should be left to dry and soak up all of the oils before re-applying more coats.

The teak furniture will eventually stop absorbing the teak oil, which is your sign to stop applying the oil. After all of the oil is absorbed and everything is dry, you should apply teak-specific sealant to protect the oil from disappearing due to the elements. These sealants will be easy to find in your local hardware or home improvement store.

Designing Better Futon Furniture

Furniture manufacturer often introduce new products and improve on them over time. The futon industry has followed this pattern as well over the years. The construction of a futon frame consists of several primary parts. They include a set of arms, rails, seat rack and back rack sections. Futon manufacturers vary the way they make these parts and the materials they use in the construction of these frames. Of course not all futon frames will be made the same and some manufacturers incorporate unique designs or features into their products that make them stand out. In this article we’ll examine several current popular manufacturers of futon frames that have brought design innovations into the industry, their stories as well as the construction techniques and features that they have developed over the years.

The August Lotz Story:

August Lotz started out in 1897. Located in Wisconsin they got their start making wooden bee keeping equipment. Soon after that they would expand out into making wooden furniture components for several different furniture manufacturers creating a niche for themselves in that industry. In the early 1990′s the company was purchased by Mark Barton and Mark Schlichter. They wanted to create fine solid hardwood furniture, futon furniture to be exact in a time when the futon industry was still quite young. Mark Barton was lead engineer and developed the existing designs used throughout the August Lotz futon frame line today.

His August Lotz futon frame design is unique when compared to other products throughout the market place. The seat and back section slats are designed with an interlocking English dovetail system that joints slat grid sections into the back rack and seat rack sections. While many manufacturers were using simple staples or nails for their slat support systems, Lotz was ahead of its time by incorporating high-end old world construction techniques into each August Lotz futon frame.

August Lotz frames are made from oak and many styles are available in a medium finish or an English oak finish. August Lotz was purchased several years ago by a Wisconsin manufacturer by the name of SourceCut Industries. That same commitment to design and quality of materials has remained the same. Their convertible sofas earned a Consumer’s Digest Best Buy Award for premium futon frames. An award given to fewer than 5% of manufacturers in a given industry. While it’s parent company SourceCut Industries offers domestic manufacturing, August Lotz products are imported with the same specifications and designs that have earned them the title of “best value in the market”.

The LifeStyle Solutions Story:

Founded in 1989 under the name Elite, LifeStyle Solutions entered the market with some very unique designs in futon furniture. They were among the first brands to incorporate Asian inspired materials and designs into several futon frame lines and have made an impact with their front operated and easy to open futons.

LifeStyle Solutions imports their futon line of products from Indonesia which are made to their specifications. It has always been important to LifeStyle Solutions that their products be made from sustainable forests and their pieces are crafted from ITTO certified (International Tropical Timber Organization) plantation grown hardwoods. LifeStyle Solutions has also earned the Sustainable Forest Management Certificate that shows their production materials are legally harvested from well-managed forests as defined by a comprehensive list of regulations.

CEO Sean Pathiratne leads this fast growing furniture company and has built a reputation for creating exceptional quality and value in every LifeStyle Solutions futon frame. Much of the LifeStyle Solutions futon furniture is transitional in design which will allow it to blend in well with both modern and traditional home d├ęcor.

The Night & Day Furniture Story:

Beginning in the late 1990′s, Night & Day Furniture was founded by Mike Gallawa. His simple goal was to create futon frames that could be converted easily from sofa to bed, making sure bolts can be lined up and ensuring that there is less hardware for the end user to have to deal with. Night & Day Furniture solved these issues with several patented features found throughout the Night & Day Furniture line.

Night & Day Furniture products are made from eco-friendly plantation grown rubberwood. Rubberwood is a member of the maple family of woods and offers a dense grain which helps in the kiln drying process. Rubberwood trees are latex producing and at the end of their cycle are cut down and replaced with new seedlings. Made in Malaysia. Night & Day futon frames are made to the highest standards of quality and construction.

Night & Day Furniture futons incorporate several different design features that are said to make assembly easier for the end user. The patented shoe fittings TM operating system incorporates several types of unique hardware applications. The Snapper TM provides snap on assembly and easy front conversion of your seat and back sections. ThumbNut TM is a barrel shaped nut that eliminates movement of the nut during assembly without the need for extra tools. Shoe Fittings TM systems are available Bronze or Gold depending on the features available.

In this article we’ve taken a look at several leading futon furniture manufacturers. August Lotz which was founded in the late 1800′s went from making wooden bee hive equipment to creating wooden frame decks using sliding English dovetail joinery. Mark Barton was lead engineer for Lotz and created most of the concepts and designs used throughout the line today. LifeStyle Solutions was founded originally under the name of Elite and is an import manufacturer who brought transitional designs into the futon industry. LifeStyle Solutions was among the first brands to incorporate Asian inspired designs and finishes throughout their line. Finally Night & Day Furniture founded by Mike Gallawa. Night & Day wanted to take a unique approach to futon design by simplifying the way futons go together. Developing patented hardware and assembly methods allowed them to make a futon frame easier to assemble.

I have always found it interesting how different manufacturers approach the design of furniture. Often many of the design aspects are similar or the same but sometimes manufacturers take a unique approach to design or come up with a radically new concept that makes that piece of furniture so much better than other products in the marketplace. This is the case with these manufacturers who have found ways to take an existing product line and make it even better.

Furniture Care and Preservation

Weather Changes

Wood is very sensitive to water and changes in relative humidity. As the weather changes from season to season, so does the humidity in your home and also the moisture content of your wood furniture. This situation causes the wood to expand and contract with every change in the humidity. The purpose of the finish is to minimize the effects of moisture changes by sealing the wood. Wood likes moderate conditions of around 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit with a relative humidity of around 45 percent to 55 percent. Most homes today have air handling systems that provide a humidifier in winter to add moisture when the air is “dry” and an air conditioner in summer to remove moisture when the air is “wet”. If you do not have this optimum condition but keep the temperature and humidity steady, even if they are to high or to low, it is much better than frequent and/or sudden changes. Furniture can deteriorate quickly if stored in a basement (high moisture), attic (high heat), garage or non -climate controlled storage units or warehouses (continual changing conditions). Excess heat and dryness can cause wood to split and/or crack. Keep your furniture away from all direct heat sources like radiators, wood stoves and air ducts. If you need to put your furniture near a heat source, use a shield or diverter to deflect or direct heat away. Wood is most likely to check (crack) when the climate in your home suddenly changes from hot and humid to cold and dry. Frequent and sudden changes in humidity and temperature are especially bad.

Here are a few suggestions for dealing with humidity:

Furniture can best handle temperature and humidity changes when they occur gradually. Sudden changes like opening a vacation home, or putting items into non-climate controlled storage in winter directly from your warm home can be problems for your furniture.
When air conditioning your home, it is best to keep the intake of outside humid air to a minimum. Don’t open the windows to “air out” the house on fair days.
Add a humidifier or vaporizing unit to your heating system to help stabilize the humidity level during the cold dry months of winter.
Use dehumidifiers in damp rooms and during prolonged rainy seasons to remove excess moisture from the air.


The ultraviolet light rays from the sun will damage finishes and bleach the stain and wood underneath. Prolonged exposure to sunlight can cause the finish to crack, sometimes in a pattern resembling the looks like cracked glass. Try to keep furniture out of direct sunlight. When that’s not possible, reduce the amount of light streaming on any piece of furniture. Use window shades, drapes or blinds to block direct sun light during the time of day the furniture is exposed. The use of UV screening films will dramatically reduce long term bleaching effect and are well worth the investment. Uniformly expose surfaces to light. Avoid letting the sun hit only part of a surface. Occasionally move lamps, doilies and other objects so the wood bleaches uniformly. Cover furniture with sheets or blankets if you leave your home for several months at a time. Move your furniture around periodically so that the same piece is not exposed to light all the time. However, some bleaching can be desirable. Antique collectors actually look for the rich, soft tones that fading can bring, particularly on Walnut and Rose Wood.


Carefully choose wood care products. There is a lot of confusion about what wood-care products to use. Store shelves are stacked with countless brands of wax, polish, spray and oil. Clever marketing techniques, tell us to use there product because it “feeds” the wood while it cleans and protects it too. Unless your furniture is unfinished, or the finish has deteriorated and worn off, when you clean your furniture you’re actually cleaning the finish, not the wood. There is absolutely no way for any cleaning product to “feed” or “nourish” the wood because the wood is sealed and protected by the finish. Proper care will prolong the life of a finish. Waxing the finish makes the surface of furniture slippery so that objects slide along it without scratching and dust will not stick. The wax protects the finish and the finish protects the wood. To clean, simply wipe with a soft lent free, damp (not wet) cloth. Be careful using water to clean wood. Water is wood’s worst enemy. Wood should never get wet or soaked. Water can cause swelling, warping or satins if it penetrates a finish. Most finishes are water resistant, not water proof. Use coasters, pads, cloths or runners to protect against spills and water rings. Consulting a professional before cleaning valuable antiques and heirlooms.


What’s the best way to care for my furniture? Ask five different people, and you’ll get five different answers. But most “experts” agree on a some basics. First of all, remember your mother is always right: Dust frequently. Keep away from feather dusters. They just move dust around, flinging it into the air, moving from one item to the next. Broken quills have sharp edges and could scratch the finish. Some types of dust are abrasive so infrequent dusting can create worn and dull surfaces over the years. Dust can accumulate in carvings, cracks and grooves and look an unattractive “gray”. This dusty buildup eventually becomes hard to remove. This “gray” look is often imitated by finishers using wax mixed with pumice or rotten stone powders to make an item look aged (Aren’t we clever!).

Use a clean, washable cloth made of soft, lint-free cotton. My favorites are cotton diapers, old T-shirt, or any soft cotton fabric. When using old clothing be sure to remove all hooks, snaps, buttons and zippers that could scratch surfaces. Don’t use a rag that has loose threads or unraveling edges. These can catch on wood splinters, moldings or loose veneer and pull them off.

Dusting with a dry cloth is abrasive and will ultimately dull the finish. A dry cloth will not really remove much dust. Sprinkling a few drops of water onto the dusting cloth. The trick is to moisten the cloth just enough to make dust adhere to it. The cloth should not be so damp that it wets the finish (leaving water streaks). If you can see any trace of water on the wood after you wipe, your cloth is to wet. Do not use any spray-on dusting aids or polish. Most of them contain water with an emulsifier to suspend some kind oil, or contain silicones. This type of oil is used in most commercial furniture sprays and polishes.

Wipe off dust using gentle, oval motions along the grain of the wood. Turn or fold the cloth often so you don’t just move dust and dirt from one spot to another. Lift, don’t slide, lamps and objects to dust under them.

Scratch Prevention

Lift, don’t slide, objects on finished surfaces. Place objects on trivets, tablecloths, doilies or others covers to protect the finish. Use felt bottoms on lamps and other decorative objects. Especially ceramic objects as they are very abrasive. Avoid bright red felt because its color could leach into the wood through the finish. Use water based wood glue to stick the felt on objects. Some Chemicals in self stick adhesives used on felt can cause a reaction that softens or melts the finish. Use place mats or a table cloth to protect the finish from plates and silverware.

Chemical Exposure

Keep solvents products like nail polish remover, alcohol and paint thinner away from furniture because they can harm the finish. Alcohol is in colognes, perfumes, medications as well as in wine, beer and liquor. Your perspiration and body oils can also harm a finish over time. Plants and flower nectar or pollen that touch the finish can also cause permanent stains. Over watering a plant can cause permanent stains when the fertilizers that dissolved into the water soaks through the finish to the wood. Placing hot items on furniture can cause a chemical change in the finish that results in white rings or spots.

Do not leave plastic objects lying on finished surfaces. Color from plastic tablecloths, appliance covers, food wrappers, plastic place mats and toys can discolor the finish and leach into wood over time. There can be a chemical reaction between some types of finish and cretin plastics that causes them to stick to each other, damaging the finish when it is pulled off. I once repaired an armoire after the customer placed a pair of leather-like gloves on the shelf in the spring and could not remove them next fall.


Lift, don’t slide heavy furniture especially on carpets. After a short time heavy items will flatten the carpet and padding under the legs or base. Pulling or sliding an item with some of its legs in these “craters” will often brake them. Sliding pieces on wood floor can damage the floors. Furniture legs may or may not have protective glides on them. The glides are used at the factory to make it easy to slide items without damaging the legs on hard surfaces. They are there primarily to aid in the manufacturing process not to protect your floor.

Brass Polishing

First, is it truly brass? A lot of modern hardware is a brass plating over a steel base. Take a small magnet off the refrigerator and see if it will stick to the brass. If it does, its plated and not solid brass. Heavy polishing of a plated item often will remove the plating reveling the steel base. Use caution and very light polishing for this type of hardware.

Some brass, solid and plated, was designed to have a dark, “antique” look. A chemical solution was applied to the brass to make it turn color. This is most often seen on the lesser expensive plated hardware.

Most solid and plated brass hardware on furniture today has a protective, tarnish resistant coating. It probably will not tarnish for a very long time and will only need to be dusted. If the brass is tarnishing and you want to polish it, first remove the brass so that the brass cleaner will not damage the finish. If your brass cleaner/polish does not seam to work, it may be that there is a protective finish covering the brass that must be removed first. After polishing it is best to apply a new tarnish resistant coating. Brass will tarnish quickly when exposed to air.

Wax Build-up

Wax build-up from past waxing is not often seen today. Because most people have been sold on the “benefits” and convince of spray polishes or oil. Very few people in North America use real wax today.

Wax build-up occurs over a long period of time. Its usually only seen in the crevices and corners where it can not be wiped off or when to much wax is used and then accumulates. The same areas where dust accumulates also. The built up mixture of dust and wax presents no real potential danger or damage to the furniture. It is a problem of aesthetics only. Some people however, prefer the patina of this aged look.

Removing old wax is done with solvents that dissolve the wax and then are wiped off with a clean cloth. The procedure is often performed several time to achieve a complete cleaning before a new coat of wax is applied. This procedure is best left to professionals who work in well ventilated work areas.
Also read: Wax, Polish, Oil: Which Is Best?


It is important to check your furniture’s drawer system for ware and damage every few years or when they stick or are hard to open. Pull out each drawer and examine the runners, slides, stops and guides. Not all drawer systems have all those components. Some will have metal drawer slides others have wood runners and some just slide on the frame of the cabinet. On metal parts use a small amount of light grease or petroleum jelly to lubricate friction points and bearings. On wood to wood parts use a candle or block of paraffin wax to lubricate all surfaces where wood rubs on wood. Some drawer systems have a center wood slide with a plastic or metal guide or just plastic guides at the right and left sides of the drawer opening. For this type wax only the wood that runs against the guides. If a drawer goes into the cabinet to far, then the drawer stops are broken or missing and should be repaired.

Don’t cram extra clothing into a full drawer. The drawer may be designed to carry the weight but the extra stress created by the friction or clothing catching on edges can brake the drawer’s components or chip off veneer. Use some discretion in the amount of weight you put into very large drawers. They may be able to hold a lot of volume but not excess weight. If a properly working and lubricated drawer is hard to open, you most likely have to much weight in it. Drawers that have two handles should be opened using both to prevent damage to runners and guides. Tighten lose, and replace missing screws that secure the hardware. Lose hardware mars the finish and gouges the wood. All lose joints and broken parts should be repaired as soon as possible to prevent additional damages. Drawers that stick in the summer months are swollen due to the extra moisture in the air. This occurs most often to drawers that are unfinished or not sealed on the inside. They should be adjusted to fit properly, then sealed to prevent recurrence. Don’t pry stuck drawers open or slam tight fitting drawers shut, as this often causes severe damage.


There are two types of doors on furniture. Sliding doors and hinged doors. A sliding door can be glass or wood. It fits into a slot or grove (top and bottom) which is sometimes lined with a plastic molding. These doors require little maintenance. If they do not slide easily they may just need a little lubricating. Most sliding doors, other than tambours, can be removed by lifting the door into the top slot so that it clears the bottom slot then pull the bottom of the door out and the top will follow. Lubricate the slots and door edges that fit into the slots with paste wax or paraffin for doors that have a wood to wood fit. A small amount of petroleum jelly works great for glass doors in a plastic track. Tambours are sliding panels made of small strips of wood with a cloth backing enabling them to bend around corners and slide in tracks that are shaped to fit the contour of the furniture (a roll-top desk is an example). The best way to lubricate these is to slid the panel all the way in, then lubricate the track (slot/grove). To remove a tambour it is necessary to remove at least the back and often other parts. Removing or repairing tambours should generally be done by a professional.

There are a number of things that can cause a hinged door not to fit properly. One of the most common problems is that the cabinet is not level and the top or bottom edges of the doors will bind or rub on the cabinet frame. This is simple to fix. Large wood cabinets are flexible and will conform to the shape of the floor or carpet. To check if leveling is the problem look at the top edges of the doors, if you have two doors the top edges of booth doors should be in a straight line with each other and have an even clearance gap from the frame of the cabinet. An out of level cabinet will have doors edges that slant (both doors in the same direction) showing a narrowing clearance gap from one end of the door to the other. To correct a leveling problem, shim the front leg on the side where the clearance gap is the smallest or the back leg where the clearance gap is the largest. I use a piece of cardboard as a shim, folding it over on itself several times (trial and error method) to achieve the proper thickness that will align the doors properly.

A door that will not stay closed is a nuisance. Here is a check list of things that cause this problem.

The cabinet is leaning forward. Don’t laugh, it happens a lot. When you set a cabinet against the wall in a room with wall to wall carpeting make sure you do not set the back legs on the carpet’s tack strip. This will cause it to lean forward. Also check for adjustable levelers that are over extended on the back legs.
The cabinet is out of level causing the door catches not to align.
The door is “hinge bound”. This occurs when the mortis cuts into the door and/or cabinet frame to mount the hinge is to deep causing the hinged side of the door to hit the cabinet’s frame. The hinges need to be shimmed to correct this problem.
The door is “screw bound”. This is similar to hinge bound in that the door can not close all the way. The screws in the hinges are to large or the wrong kind (round head instead of flat head). The heads of the screw(s) on the door side of the hinge and the ones on the frame side hit each other, not allowing the door to close.
The door catches are broken, missing or worn out.

Loose and missing hinge screws also cause door fit problems. Double doors will hit each other in the center, single door cabinets will rub against the top side of the cabinet frame and both types will rub or drag on the bottom. Often wearing off the finish. To check for loose screws, open a door a short distance and hold it on the top with one hand and the bottom with your other hand. Gently tilt it up and down. If the hinges are loose you will feel the door move and may hear a sound also from the screws hitting the metal hinges.

One more thing. Be careful opening cabinets with large doors. The weight of the door(s) when open can cause the cabinet to fall forward! Newer furniture comes with a warning tag, but older and antique items do not. You can secure the cabinet to the wall or floor with screws or load it with heavy items to counter balance the weight of the doors. I have heard several reports of people being injured when they opened heavy glass doors and the cabinet fell over on them.

Glass and Mirrors

There is not much maintenance required for glass panels or mirrors. Just clean with your favorite glass cleaner as needed. The proper way to clean glass on furniture is to apply the cleaner to the rag, not directly on the glass itself. Spray type glass cleaners contain ammonia and some times alcohol. The over-spray that gets on the wood trim can damage the finish over time.

A few thoughts to consider about re-silvering mirrors and beveled glass. It is much less expensive to replace a mirror than to re-silver it if the edge is not beveled. Beveled edging can be expensive because not many glass shops do that kind of work. They will send it out to a third party and mark-up the price. There are a number of franchise type restoration shops that offer re-silvering in-house and some of them will sub-out the job. The “look” of an old glass that has been properly re-silvered has a beautiful gold colored hue which is very desirable on antique furniture. I have seen several re-silvered mirrors that have deteriorated in a relatively short time. Find out what warranty comes with a re-silvering job before you commit to have the work done. Re-silvering is a good choice if you have an old glass (the “wavy look” of old glass is from the type of processing. The molten glass was pulled from the oven and stretched to a thickness as it cooled. New glass is done much the same way, but goes through sets of steel rollers, thus a very smooth finish and consistent thickness).

Major Components of Indian Construction Industry

Construction in India is the second most important activity, next only to agriculture. The country is on the path of fast development of infrastructures in the fields like education, health, power and research. At the same time, the civil construction projects are on fast tracks to improve the conditions of roads, rails, highways and bridges. In addition, the country has managed to lend construction services and products to the foreign markets too.

The construction activities offered by the construction companies in India have improved in terms of quality. The construction equipment manufacturers follow the international standards to offer advanced technology-based tools. There are four major components that work in favor of the exponentially growing sector. Here is a discussion about them.

Skilled Construction Experts

Architects, civil engineers, project managers and many other important role-players in the Indian construction industry are admired for their skills and talent. Construction project managers from India have the experience and training to supervise different types of projects. In the past one decade, many praiseworthy projects have been completed by the skilled construction teams of the country. Construction labor contraction services are offered by many Indian firms for the recruitment of these skilled workers around the world.

Quality Construction Equipments

When it comes to construction tools and equipments, there are many Indian construction equipment manufacturers engaged in this field. The equipments like bulldozers, scrapers, backhoe loaders, concrete vibrators, earth compactors, concrete mixers, hydraulic excavators and many others are manufactured in the country and supplied to different parts of the world. The focus is one manufacturing technologically advanced equipments that can safe human efforts significantly, reduce energy consumption and are safe.

Top Grade Construction Material

The Indian construction services and products are not limited to construction tools and equipments only. The manufacturers and suppliers engaged in the industry also focus on supplying high grade construction materials in different categories. Glass, ceramic, wood, plastic and many other materials are available with these industry players. In addition, these companies offer hardware materials like pipes and tubes made of materials like PVC, aluminum, copper, bronze and others. Tiles for flooring and a variety of sanitary ware products form other important categories of construction materials from India.

Impressive Construction Services

From expert construction counseling to interior decoration and house and commercial building construction, the construction services from India cover all possible fields. Turnkey industrial construction is one service which is in great demand and the experts from the country are capable of offering it. Real estate construction services from India serve the projects like construction of houses, industrial plants, corporate offices spaces and commercial constructions like shopping malls and restaurants.

The construction services from India have become more accessible with the help of the online business directories. These online marketplaces provide detailed information about the service providers from the Indian construction industry. Small and medium sized equipment manufacturers and suppliers from different parts of the company have made it possible to earn exposure for their businesses through these directories. In a way, these directories have become another major component of the industry.

The Importance Of Hardware Support Services

Businesses go in for the latest IT networks for more efficient business. With higher efficiency the business can achieve higher profitability. Setting up or even upgrading your network, hardware and software is not an easy task. You have to choose the right company for the supply of hardware and software that will give you a perfect set up and maintained platform for your business.

Private and public companies have to choose between the right IT suppliers. For them, to get a single supplier of hardware and software is like a dream come true; as it will simplify processes and communication. However, for this to happen the company has to make sure that the unique supplier is also able to deliver different types of services promptly and efficiently. A company hiring a supplier will look for a guarantee of reliability and quality; which comes if the latter has partnerships with major multinational computer hardware and software companies/manufacturers like IBM, Dell, Microsoft, Fortinet Firewall etc.

A good service provider offers greater accountability of your businesses’ IT needs. Issues like server problems, hardware malfunctions, and the worst network crashes stand to be resolved quickly. A professional IT support company will address these problems promptly and diligently, they will be solved with minimum delay, hence causing very little loss of time. Time saved is often referred to as money made, and an expert IT company will let you do just that. Overcome network clogs quickly and run uninterrupted towards completing targets.

An IT support and services company that provides complete and end to end network, hardware and software solutions, will probably service you with primary services like Internet, Intranet, Extranet (VPN and encryption, VoIP, etc.). Also they will work on the design, construction and maintenance of local area networks (LAN) and geographical (WAN). They will sell, install and support basic and application software and hardware support. Data support and data storage systems are other services that are extremely essential and are provided by these companies. So whatever be your business genre, be that finance, legal, construction, retail, government or leisure, technical support can make things a lot faster and easier, with these services:

* Networking
* Servers
* Storage
* Desktops and Laptops
* Printers

When you have chosen a reliable IT support company, then you can just sit back and relax as the experts are there to handle all such issues. They employ highly trained technicians and consultants that are skilled enough to handle basic network implementations to more complex and large scale deployments. Staff are usually certified by the biggest vendors in the industry and is given training to keep them up to date with changes and developments. This allows them to deliver enhanced support services without compromising on quality.

These support and service companies will provide you with the best suited software for your needs. This will let you work better and faster. One more service provided by these companies is training. Since they are the experts, when it comes to any hardware or software issues, they can impart some of their skills to the employees too. They can either train the employees on a new software, or as complex as utilizing a network to increase efficiency.

Toilet Partition Hardware For the Small Business Owner

How do I purchase toilet partition hardware? Toilet partition hardware is typically purchased in one of two ways: either through a general contractor or through a toilet partition hardware supplier such as our company. In either case, your supplier or contractor should work with you to identify your needs, work within your price ranges, and make sure all installed equipment is up to code.

How do I know what toilet partition hardware I need? Your supplier should be able to assist you fully in making your purchasing decisions. If your business is near the supplier from whom you are purchasing, a sales representative may be able to come to your business and assess your hardware needs. In many cases, your supplier will be able to assess your restroom partition hardware needs through examining a floor plan of your restroom.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of working with a general contractor versus a toilet partition hardware supplier? General contractors will manage your entire construction project. Instead of hiring and working with members from each trade needed in your construction project, (plumbers, electricians, carpenters, etc.), you’ll work with only one person who will sub-contract any other tradespersons you need for the project. When working with a general contractor, you will pay slightly more than you might if you hired each tradesperson in your construction team individually.

However, if you’re a person who doesn’t know much about construction, working with a general contractor can provide you peace of mind and ensure that your construction project is completed in a timely manner. We typically recommend working with a general contractor in the case of new buildings and comprehensive remodels where more than three trades will be involved. Our company offers both general contracting services and specific restroom partition services.

How do I make sure my restroom is in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)? In almost all cases, federal law mandates that at least one of your restrooms/stalls be fully accessible to handicapped persons. A good restroom partition hardware supplier will work with you to ensure that you purchase equipment that allows you to be in full compliance with the law. They will also work with you throughout the installation process to ensure that all of your hardware and partitions are installed to code.

What are the advantages of working with a local supplier? In addition to looking at your architectural plans, if necessary, a local toilet partition hardware supplier will be able to visit your small business to get a better sense of your needs. Our company serves the San Francisco Bay Area, and we not only visit our clients’ businesses when necessary, but are available at any time for on-site customer support if you need any after installation assistance with our hardware.

I already have fully functioning, up to code restrooms, but I need a few replacement toilet partition hardware parts. Do you sell and install individual replacement parts? Yes, we sell individual parts. You should contact one of our sales representatives to make sure you are ordering the correct part and to discuss options for installation.

How To Choose The Right Supplier Of Architectural Ironmongery For You

Ironmongery is the expression drawn out for goods made from iron utilized by the design industry. This may comprise of fittings and fixtures for instance railings, handles, and banisters. This term is also called architectural metalwork or architectural Ironmongery.

When one is in the course of getting his house built, he goes through a number of facet of getting it completed. Many purchases are made to carry out and complete the project. The main emphasis of one’s own buying comes at the resilience and worth of the product at an affordable price. The homeowner would certainly have a preference to go with the reputed names in that specific business.

When it is about Architectural Ironmongery that is of primary importance just after the completion of the structure of the building; one has to consider the best possible available suppliers in order to install the most reliable product. As it is, a matter of durability and safety one can consider the following suppliers holding the name of supplying the best products in the UK.

For more than two decades, TBKS has been providing in door and window furniture. They hold a vast variety of products that range from door handles to furniture, window handles to locks, knob hinges to fittings. TBKS offer high quality washroom accessories with stylish brass and chrome fittings. They sell their products online as well and provide latest information about the stock availability, prices and delivery timings. One can browse their website to check all items across the board.

With a two hundred years old history, Spiller is well-established Ironmongery company offering almost all sorts of services related to architecture metalwork. The company not only delivers excellent products but reliable customer service as it provides highly competent team qualified from the Association of Architectural Ironmongers with an average experience of 10 years or more. Spiller’s clientele comprises of contractors and architects of all aptitude, various national organizations and corporate dealers.

Laidlaw is another ace in the deck of architectural ironmongery world. The company is considered as a top brand in the construction industry of the UK. For over a century i.e. 130 years, the company is supplying door hardware and allied fittings to the most reputed companies and one of the biggest projects carried out in the UK. The company also sells its products overseas. Laidlaw has gained a matchless repute for furnishing its products to ventures of any scale, on the dot delivery and to the utmost technical terms. The Laidlaw philosophy is to work closely with engineers and architects to offer a complete solution to fit every scrupulous purpose.

Hafele is quite new to the industry when compared to the companies discussed earlier. The company opened its first warehouse in 1980 and emerged as the biggest architectural ironmongery distribution center and furniture fixture company in the uk. Within thirty years of operational service, the company has gained a tremendous repute and became the leader in the hardware market of the UK.